UKIP – A Brief History

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May 21, 2016 Comments Off on UKIP – A Brief History John Butler


UKIP (the United Kingdom Independence Party) was founded in 1993 by a group in the Anti-Federalist League, opposed to the Conservative government’s signing of the Maastricht Treaty, commiting the UK to economic and monetary union within the EU. Nigel Farage was a founder member and was the party’s leader from 2005 to 2016 (with a brief interval in 2010).
The party’s current leader is Paul Nuttall, MEP.

Membership: From 2010 to 2015, UKIP membership has risen from 12,000 to over 30,000, at a time of declining party memberships generally. The party has branches in each Dorset Parliamentary constituency.

Euro-Elections: The party gained its first MEP’s (3) in 1999. In 2004, 11 UKIP MEP’s were elected, increasing their number to 13 in 2009, when the party finished second in the UK vote overall. In the May 2014 euro-elections, UKIP came first in the UK, with nearly four and a half million votes gaining 24 MEP’s. The party also gained its first MEP in Scotland. In Dorset, UKIP came first with a 38.5% share of the vote.

South-West Region: UKIP’s MEP’s are: William Dartmouth (since 2004) and Dr Julia Reid (since 2014).

UK General Elections: 1997: UKIP contests its first General Election gaining approximately 100,000 votes (1.0%). 2001: UKIP gains approximately 390,000 votes, (2.3%). 2005: UKIP gains approximately 600,000 votes (3.1%). 2010: UKIP gains 920,000 votes (3.8%). 99 UKIP candidates save their deposits.

2013: UKIP are second in the Barnsley, Rotherham, Middlesbrough, South Shields by-elections, and almost win Eastleigh with 28.5% of the vote.

2014: UKIP gains its first elected MP’s (Douglas Carswell, Mark Reckless), winning by-elections in Clacton and Rochester & Strood.

General Election, May 2015: UKIP wins approx. 3.9 million votes (13%) – the third biggest party nationally, and holds Douglas Carswell’s seat in Clacton. UKIP gains 120 second places (including 4 of the 8 Dorset constituencies) and finishes in the top three in 477 out of 574 constituencies in England and Wales.

EU Referendum, June 2016: Because of the large UKIP vote in the May 2015 General Election, David Cameron is forced to concede an In/Out referendum on Britain’s EU membership. UKIP is the only major political party to support ‘Leave’. UKIP branches across Britain provide vital support for the ‘Leave’ campaign on the ground, ensuring that the overwhelming advantages of the government propaganda machine are cancelled out by concerted grassroots action from ordinary citizens.

In spite of the odds stacked against it, ‘Leave’ wins the referendum with 52% of the vote. The 17.4 million ‘Leave’; voters is the largest single political vote in UK history. 73% of the polling areas in England and Wales vote for ‘Leave’. Based on parliamentary constituencies, ‘Leave’ would have won 421 out of 650 seats.

Local Council Elections:

May 2013: In County Council Elections, UKIP wins 25% of the vote nationally, gaining 147 County Council seats, including Ferndown. In Dorset, UKIP candidates achieve 22 second places in 40 wards.
May 2014: In Metropolitan Council elections, UKIP gains 163 new Councillors.
May 2015: In Local Council elections UKIP wins seats in Poole (Alderney), Bournemouth (Kinson South), Christchurch (Grange) and Weymouth & Portland (Melcombe Regis), taking the total of UKIP Councillors nationally to over 500.
May 2016: In Local Council elections, UKIP wins 58 Council seats, including 26 gains. UKIP also wins its first seats on the Welsh Assembly (7 members) and London Assembly (2 members).

UKIP – WHAT NEXT ? …… On 23rd June 2016, 17.4 million British voters agreed with UKIP on leaving the EU. First and foremost, UKIP will keep up the pressure on Mrs May’s administration to ensure that ‘Leave’ really does mean Leave. Second, we must ensure that the EU is not allowed to continue to impose restrictions on UK independence. If the terms of ‘Brexit’ are unsatisfactory, UKIP will be there to say ‘Britain needs a better deal’.

Third, if and when Britain is finally disentangled from the EU, we cannot hand it back to the same old parties that have misgoverned the people of our country for so long. Britain has major long term economic, financial and social problems, which none of the Westminster parties seem to have any idea how to solve. All appear to think that ever bigger government, more state borrowing and more legislation is the answer. As Britain’s national debt heads inexorably towards the £2 trillion mark or 80% of GDP the cost of ‘big government’ becomes more and more unsustainable.

UKIP‘s prescription is about giving people and communities the tools to be self-reliant, and getting the over-mighty, over-intrusive ‘big state’ off their backs, so they can begin to take control, pay down their debts and take responsibility for their own lives.

(Printed and Promoted by UKIP Mid-Dorset & North Poole, 20 Nightjar Close, Poole, BH17 7YN)